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Water Softeners


Did you know hard water can negatively affect your home, appliances, and even your hair and skin? Fortunately, there’s a solution to this problem: Water Softeners. In this article, we’ll explore what hard water is, why it’s important to use a water softener, the different types available, and how to choose the right one for your needs. Let’s dive in!

What is Hard Water?

Hard water contains a high concentration of dissolved minerals, primarily calcium and magnesium. These minerals are naturally present in the earth’s crust and can dissolve into water as it moves through the ground.

Causes of Hard Water

Hard water is usually caused by water passing through limestone, chalk, or gypsum deposits, which are rich in calcium and magnesium. The hardness of water can vary depending on the geological makeup of the area and the water source.

Why Use a Water Softener?

Using a water softener helps to remove or neutralize the minerals responsible for hard water. This has several benefits, which we’ll discuss in the next section.

Benefits of Soft Water

Some benefits of soft water include:

  • Protecting your appliances from scale buildup, increasing their lifespan
  • Reducing soap scum and mineral deposits on surfaces, making cleaning easier
  • Improving the efficiency of water heaters, saving energy and money
  • Providing softer, more manageable hair and smoother skin
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Types of Water Softeners

There are several types of water softeners available, each with its own advantages and drawbacks.

Salt-Based Softeners

Salt-based softeners use an ion exchange process to remove the hard minerals from the water. They are the most common type of water softener and are highly effective. However, they require regular maintenance and salt refills.

Salt-Free Softeners

These softeners use various methods, such as potassium or template-assisted crystallization (TAC), to condition the water without needing salt. They are eco-friendly and require less maintenance but may not be as effective as salt-based softeners.

Dual-Tank Softeners

Dual-tank softeners have two resin tanks, which allow one tank to regenerate while the other provides softened water. This ensures a continuous supply of soft water and is ideal for larger households or high-water usage.

Magnetic and Electronic Softeners

These devices use magnetic or electronic fields to change the behavior of the calcium and magnesium minerals, preventing them from forming scale deposits. They are easy to install and require no maintenance, but their effectiveness is still debatable

How Water Softeners Work

Water softeners work by either removing or altering the hard minerals present in the water. In salt-based systems, the ion exchange process replaces calcium and magnesium ions with sodium or potassium ions. Salt-free systems, on the other hand, modify the minerals’ structure so they don’t adhere to surfaces.

Choosing the Right Water Softener

Selecting the right water softener for your needs involves considering several factors.


Water softeners come in various sizes, and you’ll want to choose one that can handle your household’s water usage. Check the softener’s grain capacity, which indicates the amount of hardness it can remove before needing regeneration. A larger capacity is better for high water usage or hard water areas.


Different softeners have varying levels of efficiency in terms of salt and water usage during regeneration. Look for models with high-efficiency ratings to save on salt and water costs.

Space and Installation

Consider the space available for installing a water softener and its compatibility with your existing plumbing. Some models may require professional installation, while others can be installed by homeowners with basic plumbing knowledge.

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Water softeners provide numerous benefits, from prolonging the life of your appliances to improving the quality of your hair and skin. By understanding the different types of softeners and considering factors such as capacity, efficiency, and installation, you can choose the best water softener for your needs.


Q1: Can I use a water softener if I’m on a septic system?

A: Yes, water softeners are generally safe for use with septic systems. Just make sure to choose a high-efficiency softener to minimize salt discharge.

Q2: How often do I need to refill the salt in my salt-based water softener?

A: The frequency depends on your water usage and the softener’s capacity. Typically, you may need to refill the salt every 4-8 weeks.

Q3: How do I know if I have hard water?

A: You can test your water hardness using a water test kit or by checking for signs such as scale buildup, soap scum, and dry skin or hair.

Q4: Are water softeners safe for drinking water?

A: Yes, water softened with a sodium-based softener is generally safe to drink. However, if you are on a low-sodium diet, you may want to consider using potassium chloride as an alternative.

Q5: How much does a water softener cost?

A: The price of a water softener varies based on the type, capacity, and features. Basic models can start at around $400, while high-end models can cost $2,000 or more. Additionally, consider the costs of installation, maintenance, and salt or other supplies.

Are you ready to enjoy the benefits of soft water in your home? Contact Jilly Plumbing, the trusted expert in water softener installation and maintenance. Our team of professionals is here to help you select the perfect water softener for your needs and ensure it’s properly installed and maintained. Don’t wait any longer – call Jilly Plumbing today or visit our website to schedule a consultation and take the first step toward improving your home’s water quality.

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